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Sublingual-12 Plus 90 Tablets

Sublingual-12 Plus 90 Tablets
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Sublingual-12 Plus 90 Tablets

Health Function: Stress control, cardiovascular health, energy, sports, fitness
Manufacturer: Douglas Laboratories
Product Code: DGL201659-90X
Your Price: $16.00

Sublingual-12 Plus tablets, as provided by Douglas Laboratories(R), dissolve rapidly in the mouth, releasing 1,000 mcg of pure vitamin B12 together with 400 mcg of folic acid.

Each Tablets Contains:

Vitamin B12...............................................1,000 mcg
Folic Acid ....................................................400 mcg

Who May Use

Sublingual-12 Plus tablets may be a useful dietary supplement for individuals who wish to increase their intake of vitamin B12 and folate.

Suggested Usage

Adults take 1 tablet daily or as directed by physician. Let tablet dissolve in mouth.

FUNCTIONS

Vitamin B12 is essential for normal energy metabolism of carbohydrate, fat and protein. As a cofactor for methylmalonyl-CoA mutase enzymes, vitamin B12 helps convert odd chain fatty acids and branched chain amino acids into succinyl-CoA, a common citric acid cycle intermediate. Vitamin B12 is also required for nucleic acid (DNA) synthesis, methionine synthesis from cysteine, and normal myelin synthesis in the nervous system. Along with vitamin B6 and folic acid, adequate levels of vitamin B12 are required to maintain normal plasma homocysteine levels. Elevated plasma homocysteine may be an independent risk factor for developing cardiovascular disease.

There are two distinct mechanisms for intestinal vitamin B12 absorption; receptor-mediated absorption and passive diffusion. In the first, vitamin B12 attaches to a salivary "R-binder" protein which transports it into the small intestine, where vitamin B12 is released. The vitamin then binds to "Intrinsic Factor" (IF), a glycoprotein normally produced by the gastric parietal cells. This vitamin B12-IF complex is carried down to the ileum, where it binds to mucosal receptors. Finally, the complex is absorbed and bound to serum vitamin B12-binding proteins. The second absorption mechanism, passive diffusion, does not require any carriers, such as B-binder or IF. Only about 1% of free vitamin B12 is passively absorbed, but this can be nutritionally significant with higher dietary vitamin B12 intakes.

Almost 40% of the population is suggested to have "low normal" plasma B12 levels. Strict vegetarians, the elderly, and, HIV/AIDS patients are often at risk for vitamin B12 deficiency, either due to low dietary intake or impaired absorption. In the elderly, hypo- or achlorhydria maintains the binding of the vitamin with dietary proteins, leading to malabsorption. Vitamin B12 deficiency can lead to CNS impairment, including cognition.

Side Effects

No adverse effects have been reported.

Storage

Store in a cool, dry place, away from direct light. Keep out of reach of children.

REFERENCE

  1. Altay C, Cetin M. Vitamin B12 absorption test and oral treatment in 14 children with selective vitamin B12 malabsorption. Pediatr Hematol Oncol 1999;16:159-63.
  2. Bopp-Kistler I, Ruegger-Frey B, Grob D, et al. [Vitamin B12 deficiency in geriatrics]. Schweiz Rundsch Med Prax 1999;88:1867-75.
  3. D'Angelo A, Coppola A, Madonna P, et al. The role of vitamin B12 in fasting hyperhomocysteinemia and its interaction with the homozygous C677T mutation of the methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR) gene. A case-control study of patients with early-onset thrombotic events. Thromb Haemost 2000;83:563-70.
  4. Flynn MA, Herbert V, Nolph GB, et al. Atherogenesis and the homocysteine-folate-cobalamin triad: do we need standardized analyses? J Am Coll Nutr 1997;16:258-67.
  5. Guyonnet S, Nourhashemi F, Ousset PJ, et al. [Alzheimer's disease and nutrition]. Rev Neurol (Paris) 1999;155:343-9.
  6. Sanders TA. The nutritional adequacy of plant-based diets. Proc Nutr Soc 1999;58:265-9.
  7. Scott JM. Folate and vitamin B12. Proc Nutr Soc 1999;58:441-8. Smith DL. Anemia in the elderly. Am Fam Physician 2000;62:1565-72.
  8. Tucker KL, Rich S, Rosenberg I, et al. Plasma vitamin B-12 concentrations relate to intake source in the Framingham Offspring study. Am J Clin Nutr 2000;71:514-22.
  9. Ubbink JB. Should all elderly people receive folate supplements? Drugs Aging 1998;13:415-20.

* These statements have not been evaluated by the Food and Drug Administration. This product is not intended to diagnose, treat, cure, or prevent any disease.

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